Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of a woman’s reproductive organs caused by some STDs like chlamydia and gonorrhea. It is caused by more than one type of bacterium.

The infection may spread from the vagina or cervix into the womb, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Infection is likely to cause inflammation of the womb lining, fallopian tubes, tissue around the womb, ovaries and lining of the inside of the abdomen.

You are likely to get PID if:
• You are suffering from an STD and do not get treated
• Have more than one sex partner
• Are under the age of 25 and sexually active
• Use an IUD for birth control

Symptoms
They may be mild or you may not experience any symptoms however for those with noticeable symptoms they include:
• Pain in lower abdomen
• Fever
• Unusual discharge with a bad smell from the vagina
• Pain or bleeding during sexual intercourse
• Burning sensation during urination
• Bleeding between periods
In severe cases the following symptoms may be experienced
• Severe pain in lower abdomen
• Vomiting
• Signs of shock such as fainting
• Fever with a very high temperature

 

Treatment
Diagnosis is made through blood examination, ultra-sound, endometrial biopsy and laparoscopy.It is treatable when diagnosed early. However treatment cannot reverse the damage already done to your reproductive system. Antibiotics are administered and it is important that you finish medication as prescribed by a health provider. It is important to get all your sexual partners treated too if they are infected and abstain from sexual intercourse until both of you finish your medications.

 

References

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/std/pid/stdfact-pid.htm
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) c 2015 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Removed from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pelvic-inflammatory-disease/basics/symptoms/con-20022341
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease-causes. NHS Choices. Removed from: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pelvic-inflammatory-disease/Pages/Causes.aspx