Contraceptives

This is a soft transparent flexible ring that is placed in the vagina. It produces estrogen and progesterone at slow dosage levels. It stays in the body for three weeks and removed on the fourth week when menstruation is expected. The entire process is repeated every month.

As the name indicates it is an injection that is administered to the arm or buttock every 12 weeks. It is an effective method for people avoiding the pills and also for women who are sensitive to estrogen containing hormonal methods. Women opting for this method should not be afraid of shots.

This is a hormonal method of contraception. It refers to a light weight thin material that contains both estrogen and progesterone. They are put on different parts of the body and hormones released through skin which prevent ovulation.

The contraceptive cap is a circular dome made of thin soft silicone and is inserted into the vagina before sexual activity occurs. It prevents sperms from reaching the uterus. Spermicide is used along with it to kill the sperm. The cap is left in place for six hours after sex and then taken out and washed. The caps come in different sizes and a person needs to get fitted for a correct size by a doctor or trained health specialist. They are also reusable. However it is important to note that a cap only provides limited protection against STIs. It is also more effective for women who have never given birth.

It is a tablet that is swallowed once a day and it contains estrogen and progestin which are female hormones. It prevents pregnancy by mainly preventing ovulation (the release of an egg) from occurring. It also affects the uterine lining and cervical mucous making the chances of a sperm fertilizing the egg very rare.

It is a single matchstick sized rod that is placed underneath the skin on the upper arm by a health provider. It contains progestin which once inserted is slowly and continuously released which in turn prevents the release of an egg from the ovary.

According to Merriam Webster’s dictionary a condom is a sheath commonly of rubber worn on over the penis so as to prevent conception or venereal infection during coitus. It is also defined as a device that is inserted into the vagina before coitus and that resembles in form and function the condom use by males. Condoms protect against both STIs and pregnancy.